1913 – Attempting to establish a new women’s altitude record, pioneering American female pilot Bernetta Miller is covered with oil and temporarily blinded when her oil flow indicator smashes. She makes a safe emergency landing in New York, N.Y.
1920 – Birth of Ferruccio Serafini, World War II Italian fighter ace.
1940 – The Brazilian Air Force, originally founded in 1908 as the Brazilian Army Balloon Corp, adopts its current title, Fôrça Aeréa Brasileira.
1965 – Death of Ludwig “Lutz” Beckmann, German World War I flying ace.
1971 – First flight of the Northrop Grumman E-2C Hawkeye (shown), an American naval tactical airborne early warning aircraft.
2013 – Islamist rebel forces withdraw from Diabaly, Mali, to avoid further airstrikes after days of bombing by French aircraft. French aircraft have flown 140 bombing sorties since the French intervention in Mali began.