1916 – Zeppelin LZ72 (L31) is shot down by a British fighter over Potter’s Bar, near London, killing Heinrich Mathy, Germany’s foremost airship captain.
1921 – Birth of Albert Scott Crossfield, American naval officer and test pilot; he became the first man to fly at Mach 2.
1939 – First flight of the Ilyushin Il-2, prototype TsKB-55, a Soviet World War II ground-attack aircraft (M model shown above); more than 36,000 are eventually made.
1970 – A flight operated by Golden Eagle Aviation, a Martin 4-0-4 carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators and supporters, crashes in Colorado after becoming trapped in a box canyon; 31 people die.
1980 – A Westland Sea King of the Royal Air Force 202 Squadron rescues 22 passengers from the Swedish ship Finneagle in the North Sea.
1998 – Death of Orvon Grover “Gene” Autry, an American actor and celebrity who served as a Douglas C-47 Skytrain pilot during World War II; he flew missions over the Himalayas between Burma and China.