Flight Journal http://www.flightjournal.com Tue, 04 Aug 2015 06:35:30 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Last Surviving Dambusters Pilot Dies http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/08/04/last-surviving-dambusters-pilot-dies/ http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/08/04/last-surviving-dambusters-pilot-dies/#comments Tue, 04 Aug 2015 06:34:25 +0000 Mike Harbour http://www.flightjournal.com/?p=216740

The last surviving pilot from the Dambusters raids has died at the age of 96. Les Munro died on Tuesday morning in hospital in Tauranga in the Bay of Plenty in his native New Zealand. His death means there are just two survivors from the 1943 bombing raids on Germany’s Ruhr dams: George “Johnny” Johnson, from [...]

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The last surviving pilot from the Dambusters raids has died at the age of 96. Les Munro died on Tuesday morning in hospital in Tauranga in the Bay of Plenty in his native New Zealand.

His death means there are just two survivors from the 1943 bombing raids on Germany’s Ruhr dams: George “Johnny” Johnson, from the UK, who was a bomb-aimer; and Canadian front-gunner Fred Sutherland.

In a statement, the New Zealand Bomber Command Association announced the “extremely sad news”, saying: “Our New Zealand Bomber Command Association patron, and well known Dambuster pilot, Les Munro passed away last night following a spell in hospital with heart problems. So, so sad. He was a mighty man.”

For the complete story by Claire Phipps of TheGuardian.com, click here.

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On This Day in Aviation History http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/08/03/on-this-day-in-aviation-history-510/ http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/08/03/on-this-day-in-aviation-history-510/#comments Mon, 03 Aug 2015 19:23:14 +0000 Mike Harbour http://www.flightjournal.com/?p=216735

1890 – Birth of Francis Dominic Casey, Irish World War I flying ace. 1921 – Lt. John A. Macready of the U.S. Army Air Corps finds a new use for airplanes when he sprays a patch of ground infested with caterpillars. This practice becomes known as crop dusting. 1945 – First flight of the Kyushu J7W Shinden [...]

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1890 – Birth of Francis Dominic Casey, Irish World War I flying ace.

1921 – Lt. John A. Macready of the U.S. Army Air Corps finds a new use for airplanes when he sprays a patch of ground infested with caterpillars. This practice becomes known as crop dusting.

1945 – First flight of the Kyushu J7W Shinden (shown), a Japanese World War II propeller-driven aircraft prototype built in a canard design.

1961 – A Royal Canadian Air Force Avro Lancaster photographs the largest non-nuclear explosion ever conducted at the time at Suffield Experimental Station in Alberta.

1971 – Death of Georgy Nikolayevich Babakin, Soviet engineer and chief designer at the Lavochkin Design Bureau; he was working in the USSR’s space program at the time of his death.

1989 – Olympic Aviation Flight 545, a Shorts 330, crashes into a cloud-shrouded Mount Kerkis on the Greek isle of Samos, killing all 34.

 

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Russian Chopper Crashes During Air Show http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/08/03/russian-chopper-crashes-during-air-show/ http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/08/03/russian-chopper-crashes-during-air-show/#comments Mon, 03 Aug 2015 15:42:45 +0000 Mike Harbour http://www.flightjournal.com/?p=216731

A Russian air force helicopter has crashed in front of thousands of spectators at an air show east of Moscow, killing one of the pilots, in the latest in a string of military crashes involving military aircraft. The Mil Mi-28N attack helicopter was participating in the show at Dubrovichi air field near the town of [...]

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A Russian air force helicopter has crashed in front of thousands of spectators at an air show east of Moscow, killing one of the pilots, in the latest in a string of military crashes involving military aircraft.

The Mil Mi-28N attack helicopter was participating in the show at Dubrovichi air field near the town of Ryazan, 124 miles east of Moscow. The show was part of a competition organized by the Russian defense ministry.

“One pilot has died, the condition of the other is satisfactory,” the ministry said in a statement.

For video and the complete story by AFP via ABC (Australia) News Online, click here.

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On This Day in Aviation History http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/31/on-this-day-in-aviation-history-509/ http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/31/on-this-day-in-aviation-history-509/#comments Fri, 31 Jul 2015 17:02:29 +0000 Mike Harbour http://www.flightjournal.com/?p=216721

1891 – Birth of Alan Douglas Light, British World War I flying ace (as observer) and airship pilot who also served in World War II. 1913 – Alys McKey Bryant becomes the first woman pilot to fly in Canada, over Vancouver, in a Curtiss-type pusher biplane. 1944 – A Boeing B-29 Superfortress named “Ramp Tramp” was [...]

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1891 – Birth of Alan Douglas Light, British World War I flying ace (as observer) and airship pilot who also served in World War II.

1913 – Alys McKey Bryant becomes the first woman pilot to fly in Canada, over Vancouver, in a Curtiss-type pusher biplane.

1944 – A Boeing B-29 Superfortress named “Ramp Tramp” was damaged a mission against the Japanese Showa steel mill in Anshan, Manchuria, and forced to divert to the Soviet Union. It was not returned; instead, the Soviets base their Tupolev Tu-4 bomber on it.

1989 – Death of George Augustus Vaughn, Jr., American World War I flying ace; he also helped to organize the New York Air National Guard.

1992 – China General Aviation Flight 7552, a Yakovlev 42D, loses control just after takeoff from Nanjing Airport and crashes into a pond; 108 of 126 aboard die.

2006 – The 15th FAI World Rally Flying Championship in Troyes in France is won by the Polish team of  Waclaw Wieczorek and Michal Wieczorek in a PZL-104 Wilga 2000 (similar shown).

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Egypt to Get More F-16s http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/31/egypt-to-get-more-f-16s/ http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/31/egypt-to-get-more-f-16s/#comments Fri, 31 Jul 2015 15:20:25 +0000 Mike Harbour http://www.flightjournal.com/?p=216726

Egypt will receive eight Lockheed Martin F-16D Block 52 Fighting Falcons from the U.S. in the coming days following an uptick in diplomatic relations between the two nations. The U.S. Embassy in Cairo says eight jets will arrive at Cairo West Air Base by 31 July followed by four more sometime between September and November. “The eight fighter jets are being flown in [...]

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Egypt will receive eight Lockheed Martin F-16D Block 52 Fighting Falcons from the U.S. in the coming days following an uptick in diplomatic relations between the two nations.

The U.S. Embassy in Cairo says eight jets will arrive at Cairo West Air Base by 31 July followed by four more sometime between September and November. “The eight fighter jets are being flown in directly from the US, and will be immediately integrated into the Egyptian Air Force, joining its existing fleet of US-made F-16 aircraft,” according to a embassy statement on Thursday.

The announcement comes five months after President Barack Obama lifted a hold on fighter deliveries that had been in place since Egypt’s military coup in October 2013, which overthrew the Muslim Brotherhood amid mass protests.

For the complete story by James Drew of Flightglobal.com, click here.

U.S. Department of State photo

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On This Day in Aviation History http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/30/on-this-day-in-aviation-history-508/ http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/30/on-this-day-in-aviation-history-508/#comments Thu, 30 Jul 2015 04:01:27 +0000 Mike Harbour http://www.flightjournal.com/?p=216716

1909 – Orville Wright makes an evaluation test flight from Fort Myer, Fla., to Alexandria, Va., with Benjamin Delahauf Foulois, breaking previous speed, altitude and cross-country duration records. Wright flys at 42.5 mph, 400 feet, and for 10 miles. The U.S. Army later purchases this Wright Model A Military Flyer and names it “Signal Corps [...]

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1909 – Orville Wright makes an evaluation test flight from Fort Myer, Fla., to Alexandria, Va., with Benjamin Delahauf Foulois, breaking previous speed, altitude and cross-country duration records. Wright flys at 42.5 mph, 400 feet, and for 10 miles. The U.S. Army later purchases this Wright Model A Military Flyer and names it “Signal Corps No. 1.”

1935 – The sole Northrop 3A (an XFT prototype fighter modified with a retractable undercarriage), disappears without trace on a flight over the Pacific Ocean off California with test pilot Frank Scare.

1954 – Birth of Gregory Carl “Ray J” Johnson, U.S. Navy pilot and NASA astronaut; he flew the Space Shuttle on its last Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission.

1954 – First flight of the Grumman F-11 Tiger (-1 variants shown), a single-seat, carrier-based U.S. Navy fighter.

1971 – All Nippon Airways Flight 58, a Boeing 727, collides with a Japan Air Self-Defense Forces Mitsubishi F-86F Sabre over Shizukuishi; all 162 on the airliner perish but the JSDF pilot parachutes to safety.

2001 – Death of Ennio “Banana” Tarantola, Spanish War and World War II Italian flying ace.

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NMUSAF Debuts Historic Display App http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/29/nmusaf-debuts-warbird-app/ http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/29/nmusaf-debuts-warbird-app/#comments Wed, 29 Jul 2015 20:32:33 +0000 Mike Harbour http://www.flightjournal.com/?p=216709

Visitors to the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force often ask if it’s possible to get inside the aircraft on display. With the help of technology, online visitors have the chance to see the interiors of many historical icons. Among the most recent additions to the free ACI Cockpit360º app, available from the museum and AeroCapture [...]

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Visitors to the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force often ask if it’s possible to get inside the aircraft on display. With the help of technology, online visitors have the chance to see the interiors of many historical icons.

Among the most recent additions to the free ACI Cockpit360º app, available from the museum and AeroCapture Images, are the world’s only remaining XB-70 Valkyrie and President Truman’s VC-118 “The Independence.”

The XB-70 has long been a popular exhibit at the museum, and now virtual visitors can take a 360-degree tour of the pilot station, copilot station and electronic equipment compartment inside this exotic aircraft, which could fly three times the speed of sound and was used to study aerodynamics, propulsion and other subjects.

Conservation work was recently completed on the interior of “The Independence,” the aircraft that carried President Truman to Wake Island in October 1950 to discuss the Korean situation with Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Nine interior views, such as the presidential galley and VIP dressing room, show online visitors how presidential airlift has changed over the years.

Interior views of 12 other aircraft – the P-26A, Hawker Hurricane, Mosquito, B-26G, P-61C, C-124, A-7D, B-57B, KC-97L, B-58A, C-133A and F-104C – were added as well, which means the free app now features high-definition panoramic photos of the interiors of 43 aircraft on display at the museum. The app is currently available for free download from the Apple and Google Play stores.

The interior photos also are available on the museum’s interactive 360-degree virtual tour, which allows users to explore the museum at their leisure through factsheets, supplemental information and educational tools based on the museum’s collection. The tour is available here and a list of links to all interior images is available here.

The museum plans to feature additional cockpit photos as time and resources allow.

Story and photo by NMUSAF

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Gallery: Hurricane Hawker http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/29/gallery-hurricane-hawker/ http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/29/gallery-hurricane-hawker/#comments Wed, 29 Jul 2015 18:10:35 +0000 Flight Journal http://www.flightjournal.com/?p=216675

The Overlooked Warrior by Barrett Tillman Nearly 20 years after WW I, the RAF still flew biplane fighters. Consequently, the Hawker Hurricane made its mark as Britain’s first monoplane fighter, heralding a new era in military aviation. Designed by Sir Sydney Camm and first flown in late 1935, the Hurricane featured a thick airfoil that [...]

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The Overlooked Warrior
by Barrett Tillman

Nearly 20 years after WW I, the RAF still flew biplane fighters. Consequently, the Hawker Hurricane made its mark as Britain’s first monoplane fighter, heralding a new era in military aviation.
Designed by Sir Sydney Camm and first flown in late 1935, the Hurricane featured a thick airfoil that provided excellent lift at the expense of greater drag. The airframe was a steel tube structure both easier to manufacture and repair than the monocoque Spitfire.

hawker

Early press reports gave the public an optimistic impression of the new fighter. No. 111 Squadron received the first Hurricanes in late 1937, and the CO’s record for the 327 miles from Edinburgh to London in 48 minutes yielded an astonishing 408 mph. However, the heavy tailwind gave the squadron leader the nickname “Downwind Gillan.”
Twenty nine Hurricane units represented nearly half of Fighter Command strength during the Battle. Spitfires, Bristol Blenheims and Beaufighters plus Bolton Paul’s Defiant made up the balance. However, Hawker pilots claimed 55 percent of all credited victories during the Battle, with four rating among the seven triple aces.
The Mk II variant became a potent fighter-bomber with four 20mm cannon and a pair of 250- or 500-lb bombs. The type fought a global war in North Africa, Italy, and Southeast Asia, remaining operational at war’s end.
More than 14,500 Hurricanes were produced through 1944, including those built in Canada. Several hundred Hurricane’s were modified for naval use, bridging the gap between biplane carrier fighters and the high-performance Seafires and Corsairs.
The most innovative use was aboard Catapult Aircraft Merchant ships to launch a Hurricane on a one-way sortie to intercept German bombers at sea. In 1941-43, nine CAM vessels launched fighters that downed nine bombers with one pilot lost.
Beyond the British Commonwealth, Hurricanes flew with nations as varied as Belgium, Russia, Finland, and Portugal.
The Hurricane led to successive Hawker fighters, notably the Typhoon (operational in1941), Tempest (1944), and Sea Fury (1945). Camm’s postwar designs included the Hunter (1954) and Harrier (1969) which still flies operationally today.
Currently, a dozen Hurricanes are listed as airworthy in Britain, the U.S., Canada, and France.

The Hurricane’s “office” was notably roomier than the Spitfire’s but used the same central panel of essential instruments including ASI, altimeter, vertical speed, artificial horizon, turn and bank, and gyro compass. (Photo by John Dibbs/planepicture.com)

The Hurricane’s “office” was notably roomier than the Spitfire’s but used the same central panel of essential instruments including ASI, altimeter, vertical speed, artificial horizon, turn and bank, and gyro compass.
(Photo by John Dibbs/planepicture.com)

second

The bare bones beneath the fabric: a Hurricane fuselage under restoration including the unique center section with multi-faceted tubes top and bottom. (Photo by John Dibbs/planepicture.com)

 

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CNN Rides EAA’s Ford Tri-Motor http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/29/cnn-rides-eaas-ford/ http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/29/cnn-rides-eaas-ford/#comments Wed, 29 Jul 2015 04:28:56 +0000 Mike Harbour http://www.flightjournal.com/?p=216702

They call this airplane a time machine. At nearly 90 years old, Ford Tri-Motors are museum pieces. They’re the world’s first all-metal, multi-engine commercial airliners. Really, it’s hard to believe they still let these things fly. They’re too historic.  But the so-called Tin Goose was flying at last week’s aviation festival at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, so, [...]

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They call this airplane a time machine.

At nearly 90 years old, Ford Tri-Motors are museum pieces. They’re the world’s first all-metal, multi-engine commercial airliners.

Really, it’s hard to believe they still let these things fly. They’re too historic.  But the so-called Tin Goose was flying at last week’s aviation festival at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, so, as an aviation buff, I had to get aboard.

For the complete story by Thom Patterson of CNN, click here.

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On This Day in Aviation History http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/28/on-this-day-in-aviation-history-507/ http://www.flightjournal.com/blog/2015/07/28/on-this-day-in-aviation-history-507/#comments Tue, 28 Jul 2015 05:18:59 +0000 Mike Harbour http://www.flightjournal.com/?p=216662

1888 – Birth of Rosina Ferrario, the first Italian woman to obtain a pilot license. 1914 – The first torpedo drop by a British aircraft is carried out by Arthur Murray Longmore from a Short Admiralty Type 81 (Short Folder), a British two-seat floatplane. 1938 – Harold Lee Neely, flying a Sversky P-35, achieves a [...]

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1888 – Birth of Rosina Ferrario, the first Italian woman to obtain a pilot license.

1914 – The first torpedo drop by a British aircraft is carried out by Arthur Murray Longmore from a Short Admiralty Type 81 (Short Folder), a British two-seat floatplane.

1938 – Harold Lee Neely, flying a Sversky P-35, achieves a 278-mph average speed to complete a transcontinental flight across the U.S. in just under 10 hours.

1967 – Death of Karl Wendell Richter, U.S. Air Force pilot killed in the ejection from his Republic F-105 Thunderchief in Vietnam; he was the youngest pilot (at age 23) in that conflict to shoot down a Mikoyan-Gurevich fighter in air-to-air combat.

1973 – First flight of the Boeing YQM-94 B-Gull or Compass Cope B (shown), American prototype reconnaissance drone.

2011 – Asiana Airlines Flight 991, a Boeing 747-400F, crashes 70 miles west of Jeju Island, South Korea, killing the two crew.

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