A Half-Century of Talons

Sep 26, 2011 1 Comment by

In case you missed it, earlier this year the Northrop T-38 celebrated its 50th anniversary of military service.

First flown in March 1959, the Talon entered the Air Force inventory two years later as the world’s first supersonic trainer. Since then, it has served in the U.S. Navy, NASA, Nationalist China, Germany, Portugal, South Korea and Turkey. The last Talon (the 1,187th) was delivered in 1972.

Northrop developed the landmark trainer from its lightweight fighter—the F-5 Tiger. Though two-seat F-5s were built, they differed from the Talon in construction details as well as in their possession of armament. A limited number of armed T-38s also were produced.

The public best knew the Talon as the Thunderbirds’ mount from 1974 to 1983, before the team converted to F-16s. Presently, T-38s serve as high-performance instruction aircraft for pilots in the F-15, F-16, F-22 and B-1 training pipeline.

Powered by two GE J85 engines, the T-38 is capable of Mach 1.3 and a service ceiling of 50,000 feet. Approximately 450 are listed on the Air Force inventory, and there are plans to retain the Talon until 2020. Potential replacements include the Korean T-50 Golden Eagle and the British Aerospace Hawk 128. The T-38 joins a select circle of half-century aircraft that includes the B-52, KC-135 and C-130. —Barrett Tillman

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About the author

Budd Davisson is the Editor-in-Chief of Flight Journal. Since 1996, Flight Journal has been the undisputed leader in the field of aviation photojournalism and presented aviation history through the eyes of those who made it.

One Response to “A Half-Century of Talons”

  1. Rick says:

    Don’t forget that this is also a half-century of F-5′s, operating in the US and many foreign air forces over the last 50 years, going back to the Skoshi Tigers in Vietnam, and still serving today as the F-5N Tiger II with two USN and USMC Adversary squadrons, plus still with the Swiss, Brazilian and other foreign air forces. The F-5 is perhaps the greatest unsung hero of the modern day world of supersonic jet fighters. You can contact the F-5 Tiger Pilots Association at remitchell22@aol.com for more information.

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